Raja'at

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Raja'at

Postby Sayyeda » 27 Oct 2006, 23:51

Salaam alaikum,

As we all know that our 12th Imam will re-appear soon InshAllah (May Allah hasten his reappearance). He will be killed and then all the Imams would come back again to rule this world (all Imams would rule the world and would be killed again... in one day's time).

I was just thinking... why would Allah send all the Imams back again to rule the world? and they would be killed again? Why?? What purpose does this serve? :?


Comments welcomed!
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Postby abuali » 28 Oct 2006, 00:01

Alaykum salaam

Can you please give references for this info. This is the first time I am hearing about it!

As per my knowledge (which is very very limited), its upon the death of the 12th Imam that Qayamate Qubra will begin...immediately...and that all the Qurans in the world will go blank and the hafize Quran will forget the verses. (Ahlbayt and Quran cannot exist without one another)
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Postby Sayyeda » 28 Oct 2006, 00:55

^ Well that is what I have been taught in the madressa. But I'll definately look up for the references and get back to you.
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Postby Sayyeda » 29 Oct 2006, 13:48

Extracted from Hussaini Madressa Boys Section Dar es Salaam. (Class 10 Syllabus)

THE RULE OF IMAM (A.S)

At this time:

1)The earth will throw ur its treasures for the use of Imam (a.s) such that precious jewels will be found on the surface of the ground.

2) Knowledge will be in abundance.

3) There will be peace and harmony.

4) Islam will be the only religion present.

5) Wealth will be in abundance.

6) Tree's will bear fruits in all seasons.

7) Poisonous animals will lose their poison and all animals whose meat is haraam will be killed.

8 ) Raja'at will take place.



RAJA'AT

This means the return of the dead. The first to rise will be Imam Hussein (a.s) and his companions. Shimr and his army will also rise and Imam Hussein (a.s) will avenge the cruelties of Kerbala. Even the angels will join the 3rd Imam in this battle. The Marhumeen in Wadi-Us-Salaam (The Valley of Peace) will also join.

The rule of the 12th Imam (a.s) will continue for 7 or 70 years. He will then be poisoned by a woman and will pass away. Imam Hussein (a.s) will then pray Namaaze Janaza for the 12th Imam (a.s) and will take over the rule and he in turn will be followed by each of the Imam (a.s), who will continue to rule until the time of Aakhiruz Zamaan comes and with it the Day of Judgement...
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Postby Sayyeda » 29 Oct 2006, 14:02

I'll still look for more information regarding Raja'at and will post it here...



What I'm wondering is... Why would all the Imams rule again? What purpose does this serve?


Why would the 12th Imam be killed... and then he would also come back again!?!



Is it because every soul must taste death??? be it an Imam or a normal being!
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Postby abuali » 29 Oct 2006, 19:55

Hmmm...interesting.

I cant but help notice how the syllabus does not provide any reference whatsoever.

We need solid references before we can make any discussions on the statements.

Once again, as per my limited knowledge, it would make sense for the dead to rise again for the purpose of avenging the oppression. Which is why Imam Hussein (AS) and his companions will rise again to avenge Kerbala. Infact, the ashab of Imam Zaman will not only be those alive at the time of his reappearance but also those who were true momins but had passed away before his reappearance will be given life again by Allah (swt) to join him.

This is possible at this stage because Qayamate Sughra would already have begun.

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Re: Raja'at

Postby abuali » 22 Nov 2012, 12:28

(bismillah)

Thanks Sayyeda for starting this topic.

Sheikh Shahnawaz has given a few lectures on this topic where he covers the events of Raja'at extensively.

Sayyeda wrote:(all Imams would rule the world and would be killed again... in one day's time).


Shk. Shahnawaz says this would not be in a day. This would take place over years and years. Imam's (as) would live a normal life.

As to your question of the purpose, then the most logical reason I can think of is that Allah (swt) created the world so that people can lead peaceful productive lives having recognized Allah as their lord. Imams (as) were sent so as to benefit us. Alas, due to the arrogance of the oppressors people couldnt take advantage of the presence of Imams (as). Hence we will be given another chance.

The catch is only those who have strove hard in their life and stuck to the straight path, will get a chance to live with the presence of the Imam (as).
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Re: Raja'at

Postby abuali » 22 Nov 2012, 23:56

Here is an enlightening excerpt from 180 Questions Enquiries About Islam Volume Two: Various issues
by
Ayatullah al-'Uzma Hajj Shaykh Nasir Makarim Shirazi
Compiled by Sayyid Husain Husaini
Translated by Shahnawaz Mahdavi

10. What is ‘Raj'at (the Return)? Is its occurrence possible?

Raja't is one of the popular Shi'ite beliefs and its explanation, briefly, is as follows:

After the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s.) and on the threshold of Resurrection, a group of the sincere mu'mineen and a group of the immensely wicked disbelievers and rebellious individuals shall return to this world. The first group shall subsequently advance several ranks towards perfection whilst the second group would taste a severe chastisement.



The late Sayyid Murtadha, one of the greatly distinguished scholars, explains as follows: “After the reappearance of Hadhrat Mahdi (a.s.), the Exalted Allah (s.w.t.) shall cause group of those, who had previously departed from the world, to return to this world in order that they may be partners in the reward and glory of assisting him (a.s.) and in witnessing Allah's rule over the entire world; He shall also cause the most obstinate enemies to return in order to extract revenge from them.”



He then adds: “No intellectual person can ever claim that Allah (s.w.t.) does not possess the power to cause this occurrence to happen and, since this cannot be considered to be impossible, it is itself a proof of the truthfulness of this issue. Nonetheless, our opponents reject this so vehemently as if they regard it to be an event that is inconceivable.”



He then further adds: “The consensus of the Twelve-Imam Shi'ites proves this belief, for there is none, from amongst them, who oppose it.”[55]



Nevertheless, from the statements of some of the scholars and also from the words of late Tabrisi in his book Majma'ul Bayan, it appears that a minority from amongst the Shi'ites had opposed this belief, interpreting Raj'at to mean the return of the rule and government of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and not the return of the people and coming to life of the dead. However, they are few in number and accordingly do not injure the consensus.



There are indeed numerous aspects that need to be discussed which we shall present here, in a few words, so as not to deviate from the subject matter:

1. Without any doubt, for a group of dead individuals to come back to life in this world is entirely possible, just as the coming to life of all the humans on the Day of Judgment is entirely possible. Astonishment over such an issue is akin to the disbelief exhibited by the pagan polytheists over the issue of Resurrection, and mockery with respect to this issue is analogous to their mockery. This is because the intellect does not consider such an occurrence to be impossible; indeed the Power of Allah (s.w.t.) is so extensive and all-embracing that for Him all these issues are simple.



2. In the Noble Qur`an there are five instances of raj'at, occurring with respect to past nations:

A) Regarding a prophet, who passed by a settlement which lay in ruins while the bodies of its inhabitants lay scattered. He asked himself as to how Allah (s.w.t.) would bring them to life after they have died whereupon Allah (s.w.t.) made him to die for one hundred years and then, bringing him to life, asked: “How long have you tarried? He replied: A day or a part of it. He was told: No. A hundred years have passed by you.”[56]

Whether this prophet had been 'Uzayr or someone else does not make a difference. The significant point is the explicit declaration of the Qur`an about life after death in this world itself.



{ فَأَمَاتَهُ اللٌّهُ مِائَةَ عامٍ ثُمَّ بَعَثَهُ }



“So Allah made him die for a hundred years, then raised him to life.”



B) In verse 243 of Suratul Baqarah, the Qur`an speaks about a group of individuals, who, out of fear of death (and according to some commentators, under the pretext of plague had refrained from participating in the jihad) had stepped out of their houses, whereupon Allah (s.w.t.) commanded them to die and then raised them to life again.



{ فَقَالَ لَهُمُ اللٌّهُ مُوتُوا ثُمَّ أَحْـيَاهُمْ‏ }



“Allah said to them: 'Die': Then He restored them to life.”

Some commentators, who have been unable to digest the occurrence of such an unusual incident, have regarded it as just a presentation of an example. However, it is plain that such interpretations, vis-à-vis the apparent meaning and the explicit statements of the verse in connection with the occurrence of this issue, are unacceptable.



C) In verses 55 and 56 of Suratul Baqarah, which are in connection with the tribe of Bani Isra`il, we read that a group from amongst them, desiring to see Allah (s.w.t.), were overcome by a deadly lightning and died, after which, Allah (s.w.t.) brought them back to life in order that they may thank Him for His bounties.



{ ثُمَّ بَعَثْنَاكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَوْتِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ }



“Then We raised you up after your death that you may give thanks.”



D) Verse 110 of Suratul Maidah, while enumerating the miracles of Prophet 'Isa (a.s.), states:



{ وَ إِذْ تُخْرِجُ الْمَوْتى‏ بِإِذْنِي }



“And when you brought forth the dead by My permission.”

This expression indicates that 'Isa (a.s.) made use of this miracle (bringing the dead to life) of his; moreover, the imperfect tense of the word تَخرُجُ indicates repetition, which itself can be regarded as a kind of Raj'at (for those whom he (a.s.) brought back to life).



E) And finally, in verse 73 of Suratul Baqarah, when there arose a dispute and disagreement amongst the Bani Isra`il with respect to unearthing the killer of a murdered person, the Qur`an says that they were ordered to sacrifice a cow possessing certain specific features, and to tap a part of its body upon the body of the murdered person in order that the person may return to life (and disclose the name of his murderer thereby putting an end to the dispute)



{ فَقُلْنَا اضْرِبُوهُ بِبَعْضِهَا كَذٌلِكَ يُحْيِ اللٌّهُ الْمَوْتى‏ وَ يُرِيكُمْ آيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ }



“So We said: Strike the (dead body) with part of the (sacrificed cow), thus Allah brings the dead to life, and He shows you His signs so that you may understand.”

Apart from these five instances, there are other occasions which are observed in the Noble Qur`an - such as the story of the People of the Cave which is also something similar to raj'at, and the story of the four birds of Prophet Ibrahim (a.s.) that are brought back to life after being sacrificed in order to demonstrate for him the possibility of the resurrection of man - an incident, which is very significant when discussing raj'at.



Accordingly, how is it possible that a person accepts the Noble Qur`an as a Divine book and, despite all these clear verses, suntil denies the possibility of raj'at? Essentially, is raj'at something other than a return to life after death?



Can raj'at not be regarded as a small example of Resurrection, in this small world? How can one, who accepts Resurrection in that extensive scale, reject the issue of raj'at? Or ridicule its concept? Or speak like Ahmad Amin Misri, who, in his book Fajrul Islam, writes:

األْيَهُوْدِيَّةُ ظَهَرَتْ بِالتَّشَيُّعِ بِالْقَوْلِ بِالرَّجْعَةِ.

“Another Judaism has manifested in Shi'ism due to the concept of raj'at!”[57]



Honestly, what difference lies between this statement of Ahmad Amin and the disavowal of physical resurrection by the pagan Arabs?



3. What we have stated up to this point has proved the possibility of the occurrence of raj'at; and its occurrence is emphasized by numerous traditions which have been narrated from the Imams of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.), and since it is beyond the scope of our discussion to present them all, it should suffice for us to quote the statistics compiled by the late 'Allamah Majlisi, who says:



How is it possible that a person believes in the truthfulness of the words of the Imams of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) but (at the same time) refuses to accept the 'successively transmitted' traditions in connection with raj'at - explicit traditions, which are almost two hundred in number and transmitted by forty odd trustworthy transmitters and eminent scholars in more than fifty books! If these traditions are not 'successively transmitted', then which tradition can be such?[58] and [59]

Notes:

[55] Safinatul Bihar, vol. 1, pg. 511 (under رجع)

[56] Suratul Baqarah (2), Verse 259

[57] 'Aqaidul Imamiyyah of Sheikh Muhammad Ridha Mudhaffar, pg. 71

[59] Tafsir-e-Namuna, vol. 15, pg. 555
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Re: Raja'at

Postby abuali » 22 Nov 2012, 23:57

From the same book:

11. What is the philosophy of Raj'at?



From Islamic traditions, it can be inferred that this issue is confined to those righteous believers, who possess an elevated rank with respect to their faith, and similarly disbelievers, who are placed at a low-grade rank with respect to their disbelief. It appears that the return of these two groups into the world is for the purpose of completing a circle of perfection in the case of the first group and tasting worldly chastisement regarding the second group.



The wisdom of Allah (s.w.t.) necessitates that the group of sincere believers - who, in their journey towards spiritual perfection, had come across obstructions in their life due to which their development had been left incomplete - continue their journey towards perfection by being brought back into this world. They shall then witness the universal government of truth and justice, and participate in the establishment of this system. This is because participation in the establishment of such a government is one of the greatest distinctions (for man).



On the contrary, the group of obstinate tyrants, apart from their special chastisement on the Day of Judgment, should also be punished in this world like the punishment tasted by obstinate nations such as 'Ad, Thamud, the people of Fir'awn and Prophet Lut (a.s.), and the only way to accomplish this is by means of raj'at.



In a tradition, Imam as-Sadiq (a.s.) says:

إِنَّ الرَّجْعَةَ لَيْسَتْ عَامَّةٌ وَ هِيَ خَاصَّةٌ، لاَ يَرْجِعُ إِلاَّ مَنْ مَحَّضَ الإِيـمَانَ مَحْضاً أَوْ مَحَّضَ الشِّرْكَ مَحْضاً.

“Surely the raj'at is not universal, but specific; only those shall be returned, who are downright pure in faith or downright pure in polytheism.”[60]

It is possible that verse 95 of Suratul Anbiya, which states:



{ وَ حَرَامٌ عَلى قَرْيَةٍ أَهْلَکْنَاهَا إِنَّهُمْ لاَ يَرْجِعُونَ }



“And it is binding on a town which We destroy that they shall not return)” is also an allusion towards this meaning. This is because the issue of non-return is stated in connection with those, who have tasted their punishments in this world; thus, it becomes manifest that those, who have not witnessed their punishments, ought to return and taste it.



Another possibility that exists is that the return of these two groups in that specific phase of human history is to present before mankind two important signs - the power of Allah (s.w.t.) and the issue of Resurrection (the Origin and the End) - in order that by witnessing it they reach the zenith of their faith and spiritual perfection, and do not possess any kind of shortcoming. [61]

Notes:

[60] Biharul Anwar, vol. 53, pg. 39

[61] Tafsir-e-Namuna, vol. 15, pg. 559

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