Brief Summary of Muharram

The sad first month of the Islamic calendar during which the family of the Holy Prophet were faced with a great ordeal and tragedy.
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Brief Summary of Muharram

Postby qarrar » 01 Feb 2006, 14:33

Day 1 AH 61 (1st October 680) - Imam Husayn and his followers are prevented from reaching Kufa by Caliphate general, al- Hurr at-Tamini's 1,000-strong army, and are forced to make camp in the desert at Karbala, 75km from Kufa. It is here at this fateful place that Imam Husayn and his followers' torment began.

Day 2 : Imam Husayn speaks to his followers at the camp and assures them of their goodness and truth. In return, they pledge their loyalty to him. Then, foreseeing his death, Imam Husayn purchases about four square miles of land to be the site for his and his family's graves from the local residents of the area.

Day 3 : Four thousand additional troops under the command of Umar ibn Sa'd arrive with instructions from Ubaydu'llah ibn Ziyad that they should prevent Imam Husayn from leaving until he signs a pledge to the Caliph, Yazid. Ibn Sa'd's men prepare for battle and surround Imam Husayn's party, cutting them off from the river, their only source of water.

Day 4 : Imam Husayn begins negotiations with ibn Sa'd stressing he has no desire to initiate bloodshed and asks to be allowed to withdraw to Arabia but ibn Sa'd refuses to relent. Meanwhile the situation in Imam Husayn's camp is becoming more and more desperate due to the lack of water and fresh supplies.

Day 5 : The size of the army facing Imam Husayn's small band of followers swells as even more troops arrive to join their brothers in arms on the banks of the Euphrates River.

Day 6 : The lack of water has made the situation very desperate. Imam Husayn uses a tent pole to dig a well, and is successful. Ibn Ziyad sensing their anguish, sends 500 troops to reinforce the cordon around the Euphrates.

Day 7 : Fearing for the health of the women and children, Imam Husayn asks his brother 'Abbas to conduct a nightly raid past the Caliphate troops to bring back water from the river. Despite a brief skirmish 'Abbas brings back some precious water to camp earning himself the title, 'Saqqa', or water bearer. The water is a godsend but does little to assuage the thirst of the entire camp.

Day 8 : Looking at his thirsty companions, Imam Husayn sends a message to Sa'd requesting they meet, he questions Sa'd's allegiance to Yazid by asking, "Don't you fear God on the Day of Judgement? You know who I am". Sa'd's loyalty is unshaken; he considers trying to act as a peacemaker between Imam Husayn and Yazid but is dissuaded when his supporters urge him not to compromise.

Day 9 : After a long, hot day in the desert filled with the cries of children for water, Imam Husayn's camp prepares for the attack they know is coming. Imam Husayn gathers his companions together and pleads with them; "Whoever remains with me will be killed tomorrow; so consider this opportunity as Allah sent and take advantage of the darkness and go home to your villages." He then extinguishes all the lights in the camp to allow those who want to leave to do so. His followers weep and reply, "Oh master do not thus shame us before Allah, were we to desert you, may the wild beasts of the jungle tear us to pieces."

Husayn sends one last message to Sa'd asking to be spared one last night so that they may pray to Allah and recite the Qur'an. Sa'd reluctantly agrees and the Imam gathers his followers together for one last sermon. Again, his followers protest their loyalty and vow to die alongside their master.

Such was the power of their faith that when the enemy saw them praying 32 soldiers switched sides and joined them including Hurr, the commander of the original army that had routed Husayn from Kufa. He became one of the first martyrs to fall.

Day 10 'Ashura': Friday 10th Muharram, 61 AH (10th October AD680) - On what was to be his last day Imam Husayn and some of his followers implore the ibn Sa'd troops for the final time not to shed the blood of the Prophet's house. Leading by example, ibn Sa'd is the first to shoot an arrow into the pitifully small camp. Despite their lack of numbers, Imam Husayn's followers fight ferociously refusing to give up.

By mid-afternoon Imam Husayn and his relatives face the marauding army, their defence spent. One by one they fall including Imam Husayn's sons aged just 11 and 13. Imam Husayn continues to appeal to the enemy's humanity; he takes his six-month-old baby son and pleads for water. The enemy responds by shooting poisoned arrows which pierce the neck of the baby killing it instantly.

Finally Husayn is the last left standing finally falling on the battlefield next to his dead comrades. Covered in wounds, Husayn is then decapitated and his body is mutilated in order to send souvenirs back to Yazid. His followers suffer a similar fate. Their bodies are trampled by enemy horses and left where they fell denying them a Muslim burial.


Yazid's soldiers then loot and plunder the remains of the camp taking the women and children prisoner including 'Ali, the only surviving son of Husayn.


What is raining? Blood.
Who? The eyes.
How? Day and night.
Why? From grief.
Grief for whom?
Grief for the king of Karbala'

Source: http://www.mksileicester.org
How does he, whose guardian is Allah, get perished? And how can he, who is being pursued by Allah, get salvation? (Imam Mohammad Taqi (as))
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Postby qarrar » 09 Feb 2006, 04:01

Ya Hussein we wish we were with you! We wish we could achieve the great salvation of the Jihad and martyrdom while guarding the religion, like you.

A few Hadiths from the Prophet (saw) regarding Imam Hussein (as):
"He who loves al-Hasan and al-Husain, has loved me, and he who makes them angry has made me angry."

The Prophet looking towards Ali, Hasan, Husain, and Fatimah (as),
said: "I am in war with those who will fight you, and in peace with those who are peaceful to you."

Imam Husain (AS) said on the day of Ashura: "If you do not have any religion, then at least be noble and broad-minded in your present life."


Cursing the killers at Karbala

O Allah, curse particularly the first tyrant

اَللّـهُمَّ خُصَّ اَنْتَ اَوَّلَ ظالِمبِاللَّعْنِ مِنّي

and begin with him first,

وَابْدَأْ بِهِ اَوَّلاً

then the second, the third, and the fourth.

ثُمَّ (الْعَنِ) الثّانيَ وَالثّالِثَ وَالرّابِعَ

O Allah, curse the fifth one, Yazid,

اَللّـهُمَّ الْعَنْ يَزيدَ خامِساً

and 'Ubaydullah bin Ziyad,

وَالْعَنْ عُبَيْدَ اللهِ بْنَ زِياد

and Ibne Marjanah,

وَابْنَ مَرْجانَةَ

and 'Umar ibne Sa'ad,

وَعُمَرَ بْنَ سَعْد

and Shimr,

وَشِمْراً

and the family of Abu Sufyan,

وَآلَ اَبي سُفْيانَ

the family of Ziyad,

وَآلَ زِياد

and the family of Marwan, till the Day of Judgement.
Last edited by qarrar on 09 Feb 2006, 04:09, edited 1 time in total.
How does he, whose guardian is Allah, get perished? And how can he, who is being pursued by Allah, get salvation? (Imam Mohammad Taqi (as))
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Postby qarrar » 09 Feb 2006, 04:09

Salaams on the Martyrs of Karbala

Peace be on You O Abu Abdillah and on the souls that died with you.

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا اَبا عَبْدِاللهِ وَعَلَى الاَْرْواحِ الَّتي حَلَّتْ بِفِنائِكَ

Greetings of Peace of Allah be on you, from me, forever so long as I live and so long as the night and day remain.

عَلَيْكَ مِنّي سَلامُ اللهِ اَبَداً ما بَقيتُ وَبَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَالنَّهارُ

May Allah not make this my last pledge of your visitation (ziyarat)

وَلا جَعَلَهُ اللهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنّي لِزِيارَتِكُمْ،

Peace be on Hussein,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ

and on Ali the son of Hussein,

وَعَلى عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ

on the sons of Hussein,

وَعَلى اَوْلادِ الْحُسَيْنِ

and the companions of Hussein.

وَعَلى اَصْحابِ الْحُسَيْنِ،
How does he, whose guardian is Allah, get perished? And how can he, who is being pursued by Allah, get salvation? (Imam Mohammad Taqi (as))
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Postby qarrar » 22 Jan 2007, 00:32

A’dhamallaahu ujoorana wa ujoorakum bi-musaabinaa bil-husayni ‘alayhissalaam
How does he, whose guardian is Allah, get perished? And how can he, who is being pursued by Allah, get salvation? (Imam Mohammad Taqi (as))
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Postby qarrar » 13 Mar 2007, 00:45

Shah ast Hussain, Badshah ast Hussain
Deen ast Hussain, Deen Panah ast Hussain
Sardad na dad dast, dar dast-e-yazeed,
Haqaa key binaey La ila ast Hussain


Ruler is Hussain, Emperor is Hussain,
Faith is Hussain , guardian of faith is Hussain .
Offered his head and not the hand to Yazid.
Truly, the mirror of faith is Hussain
How does he, whose guardian is Allah, get perished? And how can he, who is being pursued by Allah, get salvation? (Imam Mohammad Taqi (as))

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