Hazrat Abbas

Birth Dates, Dates of Martydom, Causes of Martydom and the place of their graves. Not merely factual, but also discussions on their exemplary lives.
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Hazrat Abbas

Postby Zahra.. » 11 Sep 2005, 01:29


In the year 26 after Hejra, Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh) was born. His mother was an honorable lady .She was the daughter of Hezam Ibn-e Khalid Ibn-e Rabi'e Ibn-e Amer Kalbi and her nickname was "Ommul Banin".

Some years after the martyrdom of Hazrat-e Fatemeh (SA), Imam Ali (Pbuh) asked his brother Aqil to offer the marriage proposal to a woman from a brave progeny. Being so knowledgeable in this regard, Aqil wooed Fatemeh Kelabiye (Ommul Banin) for Imam and they got married. Imam Ali (Pbuh) had four sons by her. Their names were as follows: Abbas, Othman, Ja'far, and Abdollah. Abbas (Pbuh) who was the eldest son .All four were loyal to Imam Hossain (Pbuh) and they sacrificed themselves on Ashura ( The 10th of Moharram on which martyrdom of Imam Hossain (Pbuh) took place) along following his way.

Fatemeh Ommul Banin had such sincerity toward the Holy Prophet's progeny that she loved Imam Hossein (Pbuh) more than her own children. A feeling which was from the bottom of her heart. It was to the extent that when she received the news stating the martyrdom of her four children, she said:" Tell me about Hossein" and when she received the news of Imam Hossain (Pbuh)'s martyrdom she said: "All of the arteries of my heart are torn .May all of my children and what ever that exists under this azure heaven be sacrificed for the sake of Imam Hossain (Pbuh)."

His Nicknames & Surnames

His auspicious nickname is "Abolfazl" and he was indeed the resource and treasury of divine grace and good attributes. His nicknames are so many some famous of which are going to be explained in the following section:

1-Qamar-e Banihashem (THE MOON OF BANIHASHEM'S PROGENY) This was his most famous nickname. The reason behind that was his good looking face which was resembled to the moon.

2-Saqqa'(THE ONE WHO BRINGS WATER)This is his another famous nickname. Since he was dealing with bringing water to Imam Hossain (Pbuh)'s camps and supplying Imam's thirsty children with water, he was given this nickname.

3-Hamel -Ul -Lava' (THE ONE WHO CARRIES THE FLAGS) This nick name was given to him because he was the one who carried the flag in Imam Hossain (Pbuh)'s troop.

4-Raees-e Askar al - Hossain (THE COMMANDER OF HOSSAIN'S TROOP) This nickname was given to him because he was the commander of Imam Hossain (Pbuh)'s troops.

The Scientific Status of Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh)

Hazrat-e- Abbas (Pbuh) was born in a progeny, which was a place of knowledge and wisdom. He received the lessons from Imam Ali (Pbuh), Imam Hasan (Pbuh) and Imam Hossein (Pbuh) and in this way he could achieve an outstanding position in the scientific matters.

Allameh Abdollah Mamaqani, the scientist and at the same time the researcher, has written about the the scientific and spiritual status of Hazrat Abbas (Pbuh), in his magnificent book called: "Tanqih ul Moqal" which comes respectively: " He was one of Imams' children. The one who was a scientist fair, trust worthy, virtuous and pure person."

The Status of Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh) from the Imams' Point of View

If one wishes to find about the status and value of Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh), he could notice the words of those honorable Imams about him:

In the night of Ashura (tenth of Moharram) , when the enemy appeared to confront Imam Hossain (Pbuh)'s Caravan , and Amr Ibn -e Sa'd ( the enemy's commander) started shouting, Imam Hossain (Pbuh) told Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh) which comes as follows: " My dear brother, my life would be sacrificed for you get on the horse and go to the members of this tribe and ask them why they are here and what they want."

There are two important points behind this story: 1- Imam at the time of addressing him says, "My life would be sacrificed for you." The expression which denotes the greatness of Hazrat-e Abbas(Pbuh), because the innocent Imam never says something which signifies nothing. 2- Imam sends Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh) as his envoy to go to enemy's troop.

On the day of Ashura when Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh) fell from the horse on the ground, Imam Hossain (Pbuh) stated the sentence which is as follows;" Now my waist is broken and my ingenuity has been decreased". The sentence shows the importance of Hazrat Abbas (Pbuh) and his role in supporting Imam Hossain (Pbuh).

The Sacrifice & Dedication of Hazrat-e Abbas (Pbuh)

Considering the narration on the rank of Hazrat-e Abbas(Pbuh) which we have received from the Imams all indicate his sacrifice and devotion along with Imam's ideology, one can find about the status and the rank of this honorable person.

Dedication, sacrifice and devotion in Islam and the Imams' school of thought holds the special situation so that Imam Ali (Pbuh) in a case considers the sacrifice as the best ethical attribute. And in another situation he considers it as the highest level of praying. And again in another situation he considers it as the resource of all of the ethical attributes.

Imam Ali (Pbuh) in a part of his letter to Hareth Hamedani States: "Be aware that the best of the believers is the one who sacrifices himself, his property and his family the most."

According to Islamic point of view and the school of thought of The Holy Prophet's Progeny, the factor which sorts the good deeds from each other and differentiate their values , is surely the one's knowledge, point of view and his intention.

The warrior at Siffin

Hazrat Ali's desire was to ensure that Hazrat Abbas preached the religion of Islam and served the Prophet's family. Hazrat Abbas saw his first battle when only eleven. This was the battle of Siffin. One day he appeared fully disguised, masked and armoured, on the battlefield. When Ibn-e-Shasa, a brave and famous Syrian fighter saw this masked person, he asked one of his seven sons to slay him. Instead, the son was quickly put down. Similarly, the other six sons tried to fight this masked warrior, but they all met the same fate. Finally lbn-e-Shasa himself came forward and the manner in which he was also beaten, made all the other people stare in disbelief. They then thought this masked fighter to be Hazrat Ali, and no one dared to come forward to fight. But, when Hazrat Abbas removed the mask, people were surprised to note that he was not Hazrat Ali, but instead, Abbas, the inheritor of Hazrat Ali's gallantry.

Hazrat Abbas devotion, respect and affection for Imam Hussain was so deep, that he used to worship the very ground he walked on. In fact, it is said that he used to apply to his eyes, the dust from Imam Hussain's feet. He resented anyone taking precedence in serving Imam Hussain. It is said that once Imam Hussain, while present with his Holy father Hazrat Ali in the mosque of Kufa, felt thirsty and asked for water from his servant Qumber. The child Abbas leapt to his feet, and brushing aside the faithful servant, rushed to bring the water for his master himself. In the hurry to carry the water as quickly as possible, he spilt it on his own clothes. His illustrious father stopped in his speech and tears rolled down his cheeks.

When asked by his faithful followers the reason for his tears, Hazrat Ali uttered those prophetic words which came true some twenty years later: "Abbas who has today wetted his clothes with water in his zeal to quench the thirst of his brother Hussain, will one day soak his very body in his on blood in attempting to quench the thirst of Imam Hussain's children".


As Salaamo alaika yub-ne Amir-il-Momeneen,
As Salanmo alaika aiyyo-hul Abdus-Saleh,
Al-mootee-oo lillahey wa ley Rasooley-hee,
Ash hadau anneka qad jaa-hadta Wa ne-sah-ta,
Wa sabarta hatta a-taa kal yaqeen
La a-nalla-hooz zaaleymeena lakoom minal,
Awwaleena wal aakheyreen,
Wal haqahoom bey dar kil jaheem.

Salutations be unto thee, O son of Commander of the Faithful;
Salutations be unto thee, O virtuous servant, obedient to God and His Messenger;
I bear witness that thou didst truly fight the Holy War,
And thou didst help the cause of Faith;
And thou didst patiently endure
Until the certainty (of death) came upon thee.
May God deprive those who wronged thee of His Mercy.
Whether they may have been of the first or the last (i.e., all of them);
And may He consign them to the nethermost regions of Hell;
Salutations and the Mercy and Blessings of God be upon thee, (O beloved Moon of the Hashimites).

"As Salaamo ala ya Abul Fazl Abbas ibne Aliyin Amiril Momeneen wa Rahmatullahey wa Barakaatuh."

"Peace be upon thee O Abul Fazl Abbas, son of Hazrat Ali, Commander of the Faithful, and the Mercy of Allah and His Bounties

O you who believe! obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the last day; this is better and very good in the end. (4:59)
Say: Obey Allah and obey the Messenger; but if you turn back, then on him rests that which is imposed on him and on you rests that which is imposed on you; and if you obey him, you are on the right way; and nothing rests on the Messenger but clear delivering (of the message). (24:54)
My Lord, You are as I please, so make me as You please – Imam Ali (a.s)
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Postby knowledgeseeker » 15 Apr 2007, 20:16

salaam alaykum,
that was wonderful..



...kidnapping of Israeli soldiers are our natural right and the only logical way ... to highlight internationally the suffering of thousands of Lebanese, Palestinian and Arab prisoners in Israeli jails - Hizbullah Leader Sayyid Hassan Nasrallah
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why Baabul Hawaaij??

Postby knowledgeseeker » 11 May 2007, 21:22

Salaam Alaykum.
This is just another perspective on Hz. Abbas as to why he is Baabul Hawaaij... We usually associate Baabul Hawaaij ONLY because he was not aable to fullfull Lady RUqayya/Sakinas pleas. That can be a reason, but lets stop and think carefully..

Why was Hz. Born?? A poet nicley puts it, '' Ali ne maanga tha Ghazi ko Karbala ke liye''. Hz. Abbas was a dua of Maula e Qaenat, Ameeral Mu'mineen, Ali ibne Abi Talib [as]. Why did Imam Ali ask for Hz. Abbas?? So he could Help Maula Hussein [as] in Karbala.
Now lets think, of a man, who knows that his aim in life is to serve his Aaka Hussein. He was born to be martayered in Karbala. And on the day of Aashur, Imam tells him, Abbass - No sword and you are not to fight!! think, If Hz. wanted he could ve klled the enemy in the blink of an eye - He has Haiders Strenght - is that a big thing for him.. No!!
BUT when Imam says not to fight, he supresses his feelings and desires to fight..
that is also another reason why he is called Baabul Hawaaij...

This all is heard from a majalis in Muharram .. i think form a lecture of Maulana Sadiq Hassan !!

Wasallam, Kh and Ma'salaama...
...kidnapping of Israeli soldiers are our natural right and the only logical way ... to highlight internationally the suffering of thousands of Lebanese, Palestinian and Arab prisoners in Israeli jails - Hizbullah Leader Sayyid Hassan Nasrallah
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Re: Hazrat Abbas

Postby Zahra.. » 02 Feb 2008, 22:38

I love this paragraph in the nawha, Mujhpe kyun band karte ho paani in honor of Hz. Abbas (a.s):

Hukm Abbas Ko Dun Agar,
Nehr Le Aaye Wo Cheen Kar,
Karbala Hogi Zero Zabar,
Laashen Thairengi Har Mor Par,
Main Nahi Chahta Jang Karna,
Fauj Larne Ko Laaya Nahi Hoon..

Ive heard quite a few Zakir and Zaakira say that, It was possible for Hz Abbas and hence the army of Imam Hussein to be victorious in Karbala, but Imam Hussein (a.s) did not allow him to fight as mentioned above..
My Lord, You are as I please, so make me as You please – Imam Ali (a.s)

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