Imam Ali (AS) Martyrdom Anniversary

Birth Dates, Dates of Martydom, Causes of Martydom and the place of their graves. Not merely factual, but also discussions on their exemplary lives.
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Imam Ali (AS) Martyrdom Anniversary

Postby www.almujtaba.com » 23 Oct 2005, 18:34

Imam Ali (AS) Martyrdom Anniversary

We send our condolences to the Muslim world on the martyrdom anniversary of the commander of the faithful and the vicegerent of the last prophet of AlMighty Allah Prophet Muhammed (PBUH), Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS).

Below, you would find various articles about Imam Ali (AS) and other Islamic issues which are presented to you by AlMujtaba Blogs Team:

Imam Ali, The Commander of The Faithful
Link: http://blog.360.yahoo.com/blog-ekXPHlo5 ... ZCHcd?p=18

Twenty-three years before the Hijra, on the thirteenth of Rajab, a miraculous birth took place. Fatima-bint-Asad, the wife of Abu Talib, was Divinely Guided with sudden labor pains to the Holy Kaaba. As her immense labor pains weighed her down, Fatima knelt before the Kaaba and began praying to Allah to make the birth of her child comfortable and easy. Before she knew it, the walls of the Kaaba miraculously split open by the Will of Allah. Fatima entered the Kaaba, and then the Holy walls reunited and joined as one.

More at: http://blog.360.yahoo.com/blog-ekXPHlo5 ... ZCHcd?p=18


Satan - The Sworn Enemy Of Mankind
Link: http://blog.360.yahoo.com/blog-ekXPHlo5 ... ZCHcd?p=17

Satan is your enemy so treat him as an enemy. He summons his followers that they will beamong the people of the Searing Blaze.
(Surah Fatir, 6)

Whoever you may be, there is an enemy who is a devoted threat to you, who wishes for you eternal torment, having dedicated his whole existence to that end. That enemy is Satan. That is, Satan whom Allah cursed and expelled from His presence. He is your greatest foe. Nor is he a mere myth or legend, but a real being.

More at: http://blog.360.yahoo.com/blog-ekXPHlo5 ... ZCHcd?p=17


Mowla Ali (AS): The Ka’ba of Belief
Link: http://spaces.msn.com/members/almujtaba ... !356.entry

By: Seyyed Ali Shahbaz
"Certainly your Master (Wali) is Allah and His Prophet and those who believe, those who establish prayer and give charity while they bow (in prayer)." (Holy Qur'an 5:55).

It is an undisputed fact that the above verse of the Holy Book was revealed when Ali ibn Abi Talib (as), while in prayer, in the state of "ruku`" (genuflection) with face bowed down towards the Ka`ba, gave his ring in charity to a beggar who happened to raise his call for alms at the Masjid an-Nabi (Prophet's Mosque) in Medina. (Recorded by such prominent Sunni scholars as Wahedi in Asbab-al-Nazul (Reasons of Revelation) and Abu Ishaq Tha`labi in Tafseer al-Kabir).

More at: http://spaces.msn.com/members/almujtaba ... !356.entry


Taking Off The Shoes in the Valley of Tuwa
Link: http://spaces.msn.com/members/almujtaba ... !355.entry

[20:12] "I am your Lord; remove your sandals. You are in the sacred valley, Tuwaa.

The twelfth Imam (may Allah’s peace and our salams be unto him) was asked about the meaning of the above Qur’anic verse. He explains the meaning of the command of Allah to Hazrat Musa to take off his shows.

More at: http://spaces.msn.com/members/almujtaba ... !355.entry


Lessons from the Wisdom of Imam Ali (AS)
Link: http://almujtaba.blogspot.com/2005/10/l ... li-as.html
By Dr. Ahmad Rasem ElNafees

Prophet Mohamad[saww] said: "I am the city of science and Ali is its door those who are in need for science should come through the door."; In another statement he said "I am the city of wisdom and Ali is its door those who are in need for wisdom should come through the door otherwise he is a thief."

More at: http://almujtaba.blogspot.com/2005/10/l ... li-as.html


The Way To The Holy Quran
Link: http://almujtaba.blogspot.com/2005/10/w ... quran.html
Basic Prerequisites

Bringing Gratitude and Praise

Third: Make yourself constantly alert with intense praise and gratitude to your Lord for having blessed you with His greatest gift - the Qur'an - and for having guided you to its reading and study.

More at: http://almujtaba.blogspot.com/2005/10/w ... quran.html


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Who was Imam Ali (AS) - A Glimpse

Postby abuali » 24 Oct 2005, 20:22

Name : Ali(a.s.) - the 1st Holy Imam
Title : Ameer al-Momineen, Haider-e-Karrar, Sher-e-Khuda, Mushkil Kusha
Agnomen : Abu Turab, al-Murtaza
Father : Hazrat Abu Talib(a.s.)
Mother : Bibi Fatima bint-e-Asad(a.s.)
Birth : Inside Khana-e-Kaaba in Makkah on 13th Rajab (600 A.D.)
Martyred : In Masjid-e-Kufa in Iraq on 21st Ramzan 40 A.H. (661 AD)
Cause of Death/Buried : Hit by a poisoned sword during fajr prayers (while in prostration) and buried in Najaf-e-Ashraf (Iraq)




Manner of birth:

Imam Ali (a.s.) is the first child in the family of Bani-Hashem whose both selfs are children of Hashem. His father Hazrat Abu-Taleb(a.s.) is the son of Hazrat Abdul-Mottaleb(a.s.) the son of Hashem bin Abd-Manaf and his mother is Bibi Fatemah bint-e-Asad(a.s.) who is the son of Hashem bin abd-manaf. The Hashemi family in the tribe of Qoraish is well-known (famous) for its moral virtues and high (supreme) humanistic characteristics among the Arab tribes. Magnanimity, generosity, courage and so many other virtues are characteristics of Bani-hashem. Moreover, each of these virtues at its highest degree exist in Imam Ali's (a.s.) existence. Bibi Fatemah bint-e-Asad(a.s.) went to the holy Kaaba when in labour pain and came close to the wall of Kaaba and said "O God, I have firm faith in you, the Prophets and the books sent by you and also the speech of my grand father the builder of this house . O God, in consideration to the respect of the one who built this house and for the sake of the child in my womb make the birth of this child easy". An instant later, in front of the eyes of Hazrat Abbass bin Abdul-Mottaleb(a.s.) and Hazrat Yazeed bin Taaf(r.a.) the south east wall of Kaaba cracked and Bibi Fatemah(a.s.) entered the Kaaba; the wall closed again. She was the guest of Allah(swt) for three days in the holiest place in the universe and there she gave birth to her child - Imam Ali(a.s.). Three days after the thirteenth of Rajab, thirty years passed the year of the Elephat; Bibi Fatemah bint-e-Asad, came out of the same cleavage in wall which opened again and said: "I heared a message from the unsean to call him Ali".


Period of childhood:

The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) stayed with his parents. Since it was Allah's(swt) will for him to gain more perfection, therefore, the honoured Prophet(pbuh&hf) from the beginning of his birth took care of his indirect education. Untill an unsual famine occurred in Mecca. Hazrat Abu-Taleb(a.s.) the uncle of the Prophet(pbuh&hf) having many children faced a heavy living expense. The honoured Prophet (pbuh&hf) with the consultation of his uncle Hazrat Abbas(a.s.), came to agreement that each one of them take one of the children of Hazrat Abu-Taleb(a.s.) with him as to make a relief for Hazrat Abu-Taleb(a.s.). Therefore Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) took Jaffar and the Prophet(pbuh&hf) took Imam Ali(a.s.) to his house. In this way the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) was completely besides the Prophet(pbuh&hf).
Imam Ali(a.s.) was always accompanying the Prophet(pbuh&hf) even when the Prophet(pbuh&hf) would leave the town and go to the mountain and desert.


Appointment of the Prophet(pbuh&hf) and the Holy Imam Ali (a.s.):

One of the virtues of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) is that he is the first one to testify the Prophethood of Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf). Ibn Abeel Al-Hadeed says related to this : Know that among the great , big and scholastic theologians of the Mutazilites there is no dispute that Ali bin Abee-Taleb is the first person to believe in Islam; and to support the messenger of God.


The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) the first supporter to the honoured Prophet(pbuh&hf) :

After the revelation of Allah(swt), the selection of the Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) for prophethood and the three years of secret preaching, finally, the messenger of revelation arrived and the order for public preaching was given. At this juncture, the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) was the only testifier of the Prophet(pbuh&hf); And was the only companion and sympathetic to his holiness in the invitation arranged to acquainte his relatives to Islam and to call them to the religion of Allah(swt). In this invitation the Prophet(pbuh&hf) asked the people present: "who is among you to help me in this way so to be my brother, successor and representative among you". Only Imam Ali(a.s.) answered : "O Prophet of Allah, I will support you in this way". The Prophet(pbuh&hf) after three times repeating the question and hearing the same answer said : O my relatives; Know that Ali(a.s.) is my brother , successor and Caliph after me among you. Of the other glories of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) is his perfect courage in sleeping in the Prophet's (pbuh&hf) bed , therefore, nullifing the plot of the idol- worshipers to kill the Prophet(pbuh&hf); And , furthermore, prepared the ground for the Prophet's (pbuh&hf) migration.

After the migration of his the Prophet(pbuh&hf) and Imam Ali(a.s.) to Madina, we explain two examples of the virtues of Imam Ali (a.s.):
1- Sacrifice and endangering in the field of struggle His presence in 26 battles of the 27 battles of the prophet (p) and participation in different expeditions are of the glories and virtues of his holiness.
2- Registering (keeping) and writing the revelation [the Holy Quran]: Writing the revelation, organizing (arranging) many of the historical and political documents and writing propagational and invitation letters, both in Makkah and Madina, And for this reason he is considered one of the writers of the revelation and memorizers of the Quran.


It was in this period that the Prophet(pbuh&hf) issued the decree of Muslim brotherhood, concluded the contract of brotherhood with the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) and said to him: "You are my brother in this world and in the here after, swearing by Allah who has appointed me with the truth. I choose you as my brother, a brotherhood that is to the extent of both worlds". The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) the son-in-law of the Prophet(pbuh&hf):


The pond of Khom :

In the last Year of the Prophet's (pbuh&hf) life, after finishing the rituals of piligrammage and when returning in a place called the Khom pond close to Johfa , he ordered to stop, because the revelation commanded the Prophet(pbuh&hf) to complete his message. After the noon prayer the Prophet(pbuh&hf) went up the (mimbar) pulpit of the camels' saddles and said: "O people, it is soon that I answer the call of Allah and go from among you. what do you think about me". People said: "we witness that you have propagated the religion of Allah". Prophet(pbuh&hf) said:" Don't you witness that there is no God but the one God and Mohammad is his slave and messenger". People said:"Yes, we witness". Then the Prophet(pbuh&hf) raised the hand of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) and said: "O People! among the believers who is more worthy than them selves. People said : "God and his prophet know better". Then the Prophet(pbuh&hf) said:" O People, Allah is my master, I am your master and of whomever I am the master and leader, Ali is his master and leader as well. And repeated this sentence three times. then the people congratulated this selection to the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) and swore allegience to him.


The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) after the death of the honoured Prophet(pbuh&hf) :

After the death of the honoured Prophet(pbuh&hf) because of special conditions that had arised, the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) withdrew from the scene of the society and choose silence; He neither participated in any struggle nor spoke officially in the society . He put the sword in the sheath and engaged with individual duties and educating the individuals.


Activities of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) in this period were briefly as follows :

1- Interpretation of the Quran, solving religious problems and decreeing the rule of incidents that didn't have a resemblance along the 23 Years of the Prophet's (pbuh&hf) life.
2- Answering to questions of scholars from other religions and other towns.
3- Expressing the rule for many of the new events which didn't occur previously in Islam.
4- Solving the problems when the caliphate system faced dead ends in political matters and some other problems.
5- Educating and raising a group who had pure conscience and prepared soul for spiritual journey.
6- Work and strife to secure the life of many of the poor and disabled to the extent that he would establish gardends and extract aqueducts and then would give them as endowments in the way of Allah(swt).


Period of the caliphate of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.)

In the time of his aliphate many wars occurred as Siffin, Jamal and Nahrawan which had specific consequences. After the war of Nahrawan and the suppression of the Kharijites, some of the Kharijities among whom was Abdul-Rahman bin Moljam Moradi and Barak bin Abdulla Tameemi and Amr bin Bakr-tameemi in one of the nights got together and considered the ciruimstances of that time the blood-sheds and civil wars and remembered Nahrawan and their deads and finally reached to this conclusion that the reason for this blood-shed and brothers killing are the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.). Ibn Moljam undertook killing the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) and on the ninetheenth night of the month of Ramadan accompanied with some stayed in the mosque of Kufa. That night the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) was a guest of his doughter's and was aware of the morning accident. When he mentioned this subject to his daughter, Umm-e-Kulsoom said: Tomorrow send Joada to the mosque. The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) said: It is not possible to escape the Godly decree, then he fastened his belt and while humming these two verses he went to the mosque. Fasten your back firmly for death Because death will meet you and when death comes to you don't fear or scream While the Holy Imam Ali (a.s.) was in prostation, Ibn Moljam hit him with the sword on his forehead and blood from his holiness head streamed in the altar and blood dyed his honoured beard. In this condition his holiness said: I swear by the Allah of Kaaba that I was successful. Then related verse 55 from soora Taha:


From it we created you and into it we shall send you back and from it we raise you a second time.

The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) was at his last moment of his life still thinking of the welfare and happiness of the peoples adviced his chidlren relatives and all the Muslims saying : I advice you of piety and to organize your deeds and always think of causing reconciliation among the Muslims. Don't forget the orphans, regard the rights of the neighbours. Make Quran the practical programme for yourself. Respect (honour) praying because it is the pillar of your religion. The Holy Imam Ali (a.s.) attained martyrdom on the 21 st of the month of Ramadan and was burried in Najaf in Iraq. His shrine became the tryst for the lovers of the truth and reality.


courtesy of ziaraat.com
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Re: Imam Ali (AS) Martyrdom Anniversary

Postby Ustaz Hussein » 10 Sep 2009, 07:37

" I have balckened the scroll of my deeds and i have surrendered myself unto Haider. He is my shield from the tribulations of the world and my intercessor on the day of ressurection. Why could he denie me while he will be giving people drink from the pond of Kauthar...If you don't understand Ali, then seek his information from Badr and Uhod and Khayber and Khandeq..." -Syid Rumi




Amir al-Momineen Hazrat Aly ibn Abitalib (as) was not only known for his bravery and courage and for his close relationship with the Prophet, but also for his vast learning and knowledge, and for his strength of character.

Many of the Kharijis, after the battle of Nahrawan, had gone to Mecca, where they had frequent political meetings in the holy sanctuary, devising plans to avenge their relatives who had fallen in Nahrawan. Here too, they planned the murder of Imam Ali and Muawiya, adding a third name to the list of Amr bin al-A'as. The three Meccan Kharijis, Abdur Rahman bin Muljam al-Sarimi (may Allah curse him), Burk bin Abdullah, and Amr bin Bakr volunteered to come forward. Abdur Rahman agreed to kill Imam Ali, Burk to Muawiya, and Amr to murder Amr bin al-A'as, the governor of Egypt.

The morning of Friday, the 19th Ramdan was fixed for the execution. Abdurahman bin Muljam poisoned his sword, knowing that he is going to kill the lion of Allah and took his route to Kufa, Burk that of Damascus and Amr that to Egypt. The chosen day arrived and Burk bin Abdullah, in Damascus, attacked Muawiya while he was in the mosque, and wounded him in the loins. He was arrested. Muawiya ordered his men to cut off the feet of Burk and take out his tongue. He was then dragged to be further tortured and put to a cruel and ignominious death. In Egypt, Amr bin Bakr went to the mosque on the morning of 19th Ramdan to assassinate Amr bin al-A'as. In his stead, his deputy, Kharja bin Huzafa was in the mosque. Amr bin Bakr, who had never seen either of them before, slew Kharja with one stroke of his sword. He was arrested and was forthwith put to a cruel death.

Of the three assassins, it was Ibn Muljam who had the easiest task for Imam Ali. He went to the cathedral mosque of Kufa just before the break of dawn, where he took up his position in the narrow passage leading to the mosque and waited for Imam Ali to enter. The moment the Imam set foot in the mosque, while it was still dark, the Imam saw the assassin lying on his stomach. The Imam forbade him to sleep in such a state knwoing very well the sword he has hid and the plot that he was to carry out. The Imam then proclaimed the Adhaan and while he was leading the morning prayers, in the state of prostration, Abdur Rahman struck Imam Ali the point of his poisoned sword and fled away. Shortly after, the congregation found Ali lying wounded on his prayer mat exclaiming," Fuzto wa rabel ka'abah (By the lord of Ka'abah, I have won)". Abdur Rahman was soon arrested, but no antidote could be found for the poison and the Imam's condition rapidly deteriorated, and finnally ascended on 21st Ramdan, 40/January 29, 661 at the age of 63 years, and bequeathed the office of Imamate to his son Hassan. The Imam stunned the world when he gave an hospitable host to his own murderer when the latter was brought before him.


Philip K. Hitti writes in "History of the Arabs" (London, 1949, p. 183) that, "Valiant in battle, wise in counsel, eloquent in speech, true to his friends, magnanimous to his foes, Ali became both the paragon of Muslim nobility and chivalry and the Solomon of Arabic tradition, around whose name poems, proverbs, sermonettes and anecdotes innumerable have clustered."

William Muir was one of the admirers of Ali, who says in his "The Caliphate, its Rise, and Fall" (London, 1924, p. 288) that, "In the character of Ali, there are many things to commend. Mild and beneficent, he treated Basra, when prostrate at his feet, with a generous forbearance. Towards theocratic fanatics, who wearied his patience by incessant intrigues and insensate rebellion, he showed no vindictiveness."

R.A. Nicholson writes in "A Literary History of the Arabs" (Cambridge, 1953, p. 191) that, "He was a gallant warrior, a wise counsellor, a true friend and a generous foe. He excelled in poetry and in eloquence; his verses and sayings are famous throughout the Muhammadan East..."

"As the chief of the family of Hashim" writes Charles Mills in "A History of Muhammadanism" (London, 1817, p. 84), "and as the cousin and son-in-law of him, it is apparently increditable that Ali was not raised to the caliphate immediately on the death of Muhammad. To the advantage of his birth and marriage, was added to the friendship of the Prophet. The son of Abu Talib was one of the first converts to Islam and Muhammad's favourite appellation of him was, the Aaron of a second Moses. His talent as an orator, and his intrepidity as a warrior, commended him to a nation in whose judgement courage was virtue and eloquence was wisdom."

According to "History of Arabia and its People" (London, 1852, p. 307) by Dr. Andrew Crichton, "This prince united the qualifications of a poet, an orator, and a soldier, for he was the bravest and most eloquent man in his dominions. A monument of his wisdom still remains in a collection of precepts or sentences of which 169 have been translated by Ockley."

Thomas Carlyle writes in "Heroes and Hero-worship" (London, 1850, p. 77) that, "As for this young Ali, one cannot but like him. A noble minded creature, as he shows himself, now and always afterwards; full of affection, of fiery daring. Sometimes chivalrous in him, brave as a lion, yet with a grace, a truth and affection worthy of Christian knighthood."

Despite his engagements in the civil wars and fighting the hypocrites within Islam who didn't will but to destroy Islam, al-Imam Ali (as) however made many reformations in the state. He was the first to realize land revenue from peasants. He exempted taxes on horse-trade to promote its trade. He included forests as a source of revenue for the first time, and necessary tax was imposed on it. He reserved a specific part in poor-rate for the poors. He codified Islamic laws for the judges, and set up courts in every province. The Imam was the first to make metalled roads in the state, and constructed many forts, notably Astkhar fort. He reorganised the army, and erected military posts everywhere. He was the first to build a strong bridge on river Euphrates.
His (as)'s period is also acclaimed for the promotion of education, and he was the first caliph to patronise education, and as a result, about 2000 students in Kufa got free scholarship and the statement of the Prophet Muhammad (saaw) was overseen: "Indeed I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate".

Hussein Mustafa

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